Towing Capacity Guide
An automobile’s towing capacity is defined as the absolute weight limit that the vehicle can safely pull. In order to determine towing capacity, the full Gross Combined Vehicle Weight Rating (GCVWR) of the vehicle you plan to tow with and the trailer you plan to tow need to be known. You must take the number of passengers, amount of baggage, and even the windshield wiper fluid into consideration. You need to know the curb weight, which is the tow vehicle’s weight when filled with fuel, and every additional fluid used while driving as well. If you subtract the auto’s curb weight from the GCVWR, you can determine the towing capacity. Some common vocabulary terms regarding towing are listed below.
Towing Capacity- Maximum weight that can be towed in a safe manner.
GVWR- Gross Vehicle Weight Rating is the total amount of weight an auto can support when it is not in motion.
GTW- Gross Trailer Weight is the full weight of a trailer and all of its contents.
GAWR- Gross Axle Weight Rating is the maximum amount of weight that one axle can carry.
TW- Tongue Weight is the force that presses down on the trailer hitch resulting from cargo being pulled. This weight can change based on how the freight is distributed.
Curb Weight- Weight of an automobile and all its fluids needed to function without taking people or belongings into account.
Dry Weight- Measurement of an automobile’s weight without baggage or fluids.
Payload- Maximum weight a tow vehicle can carry in its cabin and bed.
Trailer Hitch Classes:
Class I- Primarily used for small and midsize cars and crossovers. Class I can pull up to 2,000 lbs.
Class II- Usually used for large cars, crossovers, and minivans. This class can tow up to 3,500 lbs.
Class III- Chiefly used for full-size vans, trucks, and SUVs. Class III hitches are able to tow up to 5,000 lbs.Class IV- Generally used on full-size vans, trucks, and SUVs. This category can pull 10,000 lbs.
Class V- These hitches are specifically used with full-size trucks or SUVs that are built for towing massive goods. They can haul an incredible 20,000 lbs.
Truck and SUV manufacturers commonly position a sticker on the driver’s door jamb that indicates the automobile’s towing ability. The owner’s manual most likely has to haul information, too, but you must know the distinct equipment bundle that your vehicle contains in order for the limit to be accurate.
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